Check out my children's book here: https://www.amazon.com/dp/B08FP9NZNK In verses 4 to 25 a logical argument is developed. The major premise is clear: the order of Melchizedek is greater than the Aaronic order. The minor premise states Christ is of the order of Melchizedek. So the conclusion is irrefutable: Christ is greater than Aaron or anyone in the Aaronic order. In spite of the controversy throughout Hebrews, the writer of Hebrews logically and simply puts forth the argument of how Christ is greater than the Aaronic priesthood (as well as angels and Moses in the earlier parts of Hebrews). The personal superiority of Melchizedek over the patriarch Abraham is guaranteed by the fact that Abraham “gave a tenth of the choicest spoils.” And though Melchizedek had no connections with the Levitical order, he still both received this tithe from Abraham and blessed him. This act of blessing reinforced his superiority to the patriarch. Moreover, he was evidently superior to the Levites as well, who collected tithes but were nonetheless subject to death. By contrast the tithe collected from Abraham was collected by him who is declared to be living. Furthermore, in a sense Levi paid the tithe through Abraham “for he was still in the loins of his forefather.” With the phrase, “so to speak,” the writer knew that Levi did not literally pay tithes to Melchizedek, but on the principle that an ancestor is greater than their descendants, Abraham’s act affirmed Melchizedek’s superiority even to the Levitical priests themselves. Melchizedek thus has a greatness which the Old Testament record clearly attests.
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